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Photography of Bronze statue of Artemis and a Deer

ca. 1st century BCE–1st century CE

Artemis, known to the Romans as Diana, stands with her weight on her right leg, her left foot trailing. She wears a short chiton, appropriate to her role as goddess of the hunt, a finely wrought diadem embellished with silver, and elaborate sandals. Originally, she would have held a bow in her left hand. In other Roman statues of similar type, the goddess is striding, but here she stands as if in an epiphany, an impression that is emphasized by the high classicizing style of the figure with its wind-blown drapery and her strongly idealized features. A deer stands to her left and there was another small figure on her right, possibly a dog.

The statue and its base were cast in several sections by means of the lost wax method, as was characteristic in antiquity, and these parts were then joined together with flow welds. The artist and his workshop maintained a particularly high level of craftsmanship. The statue is said to have been found in Rome near to the church of Saint John the Lateran and likely would have decorated a peristyle garden of one of the large Roman villas or town houses in that area. The most important sanctuary of Diana for the ancient Romans was located at Aricia, some eleven miles outside of Rome on the shore of lake Nemi, which was known as the speculum Dianae (mirror of Diana).


Bieber, Margarete. 1977. Ancient Copies: Contributions to the History of Greek and Roman Art. pp. 75, 82, figs. 287–89, New York: New York University Press.

Nash, Steven A. 1979. Albright-Knox Gallery. Painting and Sculpture from Antiquity to 1942. pp. 62–63, New York: Rizzoli.

Vermeule, Cornelius Clarkson. 1980. Greek Art: Socrates to Sulla, from the Peloponnesian Wars to the Rise of Julius Ceasar. pp. 86, 133, fig. 113, Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Vermeule, Cornelius Clarkson. 1981. Greek and Roman Sculpture in America: Masterpieces in Public Collections in the United States and Canada. p. 169, pl. 13, Berkeley: University of California Press.

Mattusch, Carol. 1996. The Fire of Hephaistos : Large Classical Bronzes from North American Collections no. 35, pp. 274–82, fig. 34a–q, pl. 5, Cambridge, Mass: Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Harvard Art Museums.

Sotheby's, New York. 2007. Antiquities. June 7, 2007. lot 41, pp. 60–67.

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